Structural impediments remain unaddressed and constrain near-term growth. Low growth is the main reason for revenue underperformance and rising debt. Credible fiscal consolidation could improve business and consumer sentiment, paving the way for real GDP growth to pick up to around 2% in the medium term.
As a roadmap to carbon neutrality by 2050, the Green New Deal is seeking profound structural change in the EU’s growth model—in production, consumption, investment and saving.
The annual RiskMinds International conference was held in Amsterdam during the first week of December, drawing an extensive Chief Risk Officer (CRO) community from all continents, including many of the regular participants in the IIF’s various regional CRO Fora.
This month's topics include:
Climate risk, the Ethical use of data, and digital transformation were the dominant themes of the annual RiskMinds conference, as leading CROs Jaco Grobler and Peter Deans join us to discuss.
Ukraine’s new agreement with the IMF is critical for external financing, even though recent flows into domestic bonds have alleviated pressure. The agreement signals confidence in ongoing reform efforts to markets, and will lead to renewed investor interest in local government bonds.
Five months into the IMF’s $6 billion EFF program, Pakistan’s progress looks better than anticipated. • We expect official reserves to continue recovering as the current account narrows and capital inflows improve. However, gross external financing needs at around 9% of GDP warrant caution.
The extra 0.5 mbd cut may not be enough to rein in projected oversupply in 2020, since the OPEC+ bloc has already made cuts well beyond the 1.2 mbd target of the previous agreement. Consequently, we expect a decline in average Brent oil prices to $60 a barrel in 2020.