This briefing note on digital inclusion examines the use of digitalization, digital identity, and changing infrastructures to promote a more inclusive economy.
Many EM central banks started QE-like programs at the height of the COVID-19 crisis. This coincided with questions arising with respect to the financing of widening deficits. However, actual government bond purchases remain limited so far, including in Asia. Domestic investors appear to have stepped in to buy up additional sovereign issuance.
We remain strongly supportive of the intent behind the DSSI. However, we also recognize that the underlying premise may have changed—the issues in some countries are no longer temporary liquidity problems, but rather more fundamental solvency concerns. This letter sets out three key points which we believe are crucial.
Turkey’s current account balance will shift to a sizable deficit in 2020. Meanwhile, non-residents remain reluctant to finance the external gap. Residents’ strong FX demand adds to depreciation pressure on the Lira. Falling reserves constrain the CBRT’s ability to provide further stimulus.
The economy has been adapting and digitalizing rapidly in response to COVID-19, both in financial services and beyond. IIF economists and digital finance experts look forward at what this means not only in financial services but also for SMEs to keep pace with tech firms in a competitive eCommerce environment.
The first in a series of IIF briefing notes on data ethics, this note outlines useful case studies and practical strategies and techniques that financial services firms can implement to help ensure the ethical use of data in a rapidly digitizing world.
With only 10 years to go, emerging markets and low-income countries (LICs) are far off their 2030 SDG targets; Between 2011 and 2019, median public debt in LICs rose from 30% of GDP to 47%, and is expected to reach 54% in 2020.