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GMV: The Fed Shift to Average Inflation Targeting

The Fed’s recent shift to average inflation targeting, ... and the related de-emphasis of NAIRU and output gaps, ... are a material step for...

Frontier LatAm: Ecuador’s External Challenges

The new IMF program improves the funding outlook. An external financing gap next year cannot be ruled out. High borrowing needs would require tapping additional sources. Limited REER adjustment could exacerbate external vulnerability. The February 2021 election adds program implementation risk. 

Macro Notes: Belarus - External Financing Scenarios

Demonstrations and strikes continue following the disputed election. The most likely near-term scenario is a prolonged political stalemate. We consider a number of scenarios to assess external financing stress. In the absence of further escalation, reserve losses would be manageable.

IIF Capital Flows Tracker: Weak Rebound

Portfolio flows to EM stood at $2.1 bn in August. Equity and debt inflows were $4.4bn and -$2.3 bn. China equity flows post marginal gains. ...

Economic Views: EM Vulnerability and Contagion

We scan the EM universe for signs of vulnerability to contagion. External funding needs and limited buffers are a risk for some, ... but several s...

Pakistan: Commitment to Reform Faces a Test 

We expect Pakistan to return experience modest growth in FY2020/21 following a small contraction in FY2019/20. However, risks to the economic outlook are tilted to the downside. Recurrent outbreaks of COVID-19, a large fiscal deficit, and high public indebtedness remain major challenges. 

Sustainable Debt Monitor: Sustainable Debt Universe Tops $1.5 Trillion 

Global sustainable debt issuance surpassed $270bn during the first seven months of 2020, up 5% from 2019. The sustainable debt universe has now topped $1.5tn for the first time—80% in EUR, USD, and CNY 

GMV: Growing Differentiation in EM Flows

We documented record portfolio outflows from EM earlier this year. Sentiment has shifted notably since then, with massive Fed easing stabilizing EM....

ESG Webinar Series: Voluntary Carbon Offsets: A Path Forward for Companies in Hard-to-Abate Sectors

The Voluntary Carbon Offsets: A Path Forward for Companies in Hard-to-Abate Sectors webinar was part of the IIF ESG Webinar Series, whi...

IIF Letter on EU AML/CFT Action Plan 

The IIF has submitted a response to a consultation of the European Commission on an Action Plan for a comprehensive Union policy on preventing money laundering and terrorist financing. 




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