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Sustainable Finance

The IIF offers an independent source of global economic and financial research. We provide a comprehensive assessment of the global outlook with a focus on key emerging economies and developments in international financial markets. 

We focus on risks and policy challenges. Members can tap the IIF's team of highly experienced, international economists and capital markets analysts for customized briefings on a range of macro, regional, and country issues. 

Recent Publications

Green Weekly Insight: A New ESG Scorecard for Emerging Markets by raycock@iif.com

Country-level ESG scores offer a practical starting point to compare ESG performance across investment destinations; While not a substitute for comprehensive ESG due diligence, ESG scores also help monitor trends over time; Chile, Brazil, and Poland have the top aggregate ESG scores in our sample of emerging markets, reflecting their strong environmental performance, though Poland has more scope to reduce carbon intensity; South Africa, Vietnam, Russia, and India score in the lower range on the ESG factors that we track in our scoring.

IIF Sustainable Finance Monitor – April 2022 by susanbraun777@gmail.com

The IIF Sustainable Finance Monitor covers key developments in the global sustainable finance agenda in addition to policy and regulatory updates and a market snapshot.

Sustainable Debt Monitor: Market Turmoil Weighs on ESG Debt Markets by kmahmood@iif.com

Amid rising global rates and market volatility, global issuance of sustainable debt fell to $285 billion in Q1 2022, nearly 20% lower than in Q1 2021.  Some $55 billion of issuance came from EMs in Q1—up from $45 billion in Q1 2021. 

ESG Flows and Markets - Q1 2022 Chartbook by kmahmood@iif.com

We are pleased to share our new quarterly chartbook, designed to monitor sustainable flows (to ESG funds, climate finance flows, and climate finance to emerging markets), ESG market development, and the evolution of voluntary carbon markets.  We also include our regular EM ESG Scorecard—a useful indicator of progress in areas including carbon efficiency as well as broader environmental and social issues.

Green Weekly Insight: Tough Q1 for ESG markets, better times ahead by raycock@iif.com

Against a challenging market backdrop, flows to ESG funds fell to just $75 billion in Q1 2022—a sharp slowdown from their recent pace. Inflows in March ($15 billion) were at their weakest since March 2020; Sustainable debt issuance dropped to $285 billion in Q1, down 30% from Q4 2021; However, investor demand will remain underpinned by the continued acceleration in corporate net-zero pledges.

Voluntary Carbon Markets Update - Q1 2022 by raycock@iif.com

Offset issuance in voluntary carbon markets declined sharply in Q1 2022—the slowest pace of issuance since Q3 2020. Most of the issuance came from China, the DRC, Indonesia, India, the U.S. and Turkey in Q1.

Green Weekly Insight: Shift from Russian energy to speed up the EU’s climate transition by eehrnrooth@iif.com
Despite rapidly growing use of renewables, many EU countries still rely heavily on fossil fuel energy; Russia currently provides the lion’s share of EU energy: 38%, 23%, and 46% of imported gas, oil, and coal respectively; High and volatile fossil fuel prices should accelerate Europe’s transition to clean energy over the medium term…; …but greater demand and higher prices for non-Russian gas sources could push Asia towards cheaper coal; Change could come quickly: the REPowerEU plan aims to cut EU reliance on Russian gas by two-thirds in 2022.
Green Weekly Insight: Blended finance for climate—the time is now by eehrnrooth@iif.com
Global climate finance flows hit a record $810 billion in 2021—still well short of estimated needs; To bridge the massive climate financing gaps in emerging markets, international private capital needs to be mobilized—requiring appropriate incentives and hospitable investment environments; While still niche, blended finance—using development finance to catalyze private capital—has great potential; To date, blended finance has mobilized some $70 billion of international private capital to support climate mitigation and adaptation in emerging markets.
Green Weekly Insight: ESG-linked sukuk market - promising but still niche by raycock@iif.com

Global sukuk issuance surged to a record $250 billion in 2021, up from $180 billion in 2020; Only $5 billion (2% of the total) was linked to environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors—still a niche market; Indonesia has the largest green sukuk market, followed by Malaysia and Saudi Arabia; A coherent, widely-accepted taxonomy and classification framework would support further ESG sukuk market development.

Green Weekly Insight: Scaling up sustainable finance for SMEs by raycock@iif.com

SMEs comprise the vast majority of businesses globally, accounting for significant shares of GDP and employment; The majority of SMEs have insufficient access to financing: this gap stands at 18% of global GDP, and is higher in many EMDEs; Few SMEs measure and disclose their carbon emissions—a big challenge as global firms decarbonize their supply chains; New tools and initiatives have emerged to scale up sustainable finance for SMEs, including green credit guarantee schemes.

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The research, analysis and insight in IIF reports should not be construed as investment or financial advice.  IIF is not a broker-dealer, investment advisor or commodity trading adviser, and does not engage in providing advice on investing in securities or commodity interests. None of the materials in these reports are intended as or may be relied upon as such.

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