Non-resident portfolio flows to local markets have recovered Covid-related losses. Looking at country allocations, important shifts have taken place in recent years. Foreign holdings are significantly lower in Brazil, Mexico, Poland, and Turkey, and higher in Egypt, Indonesia, Russia, and South Africa, due to policies and FX. Importantly, pressure on EM to defend their currencies has declined in recent years. However, EM are now more directly exposed via foreign investment in local bonds. And the synchronization of global inflation makes them vulnerable to DM inflation.